Erasmus Student Network’s partnership with Ryanair– outdated in times of climate crisis

Stay Grounded sends open letter urging the Erasmus Student Network (ESN) to end partnership with low-cost carrier Ryanair and instead collaborate with rail companies.

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Ryanair, along with Erasmus Student Network (ESN), has committed to improving Erasmus experience for all European students. That is why, since September 2017, when flying with Ryanair, all ESNcard holders can enjoy discounts on flights, free check-in luggage, weekly travel offers and tailored in-journey offers.

Ryanair – one of Europe’s top 10 carbon emitters

In 2019 Ryanair became “one of the top 10 carbon emitters within Europe, a league which had until now been exclusively occupied by coal plants” and close to 25% of the airports served by the firm, we understand, are receiving aid from local authorities. The low-cost carrier is Europe’s second largest airline, carrying 153 million customers a year on more than 2,400 daily flights from 86 bases, connecting over 200 destinations in 40 countries

Travel as if there was a tomorrow

By ending the “Ryanair’s discounts and offers scheme”, ESN would send a clear message to its 40,000 members and the 350,000 international students that it reaches  every year, supporting the European Union in its fight against climate change and walking the talk.
Erasmus Student Network is the biggest student association in Europe. It is present in more than 1000 Higher Education Institutions in 41 countries.

 

Open Letter to ESN President Kostis Giannidis

 

Vienna, January 28th, 2020

Mr. Kostis Giannidis, Int. Board’s President, Erasmus Student Network (ESN)

 

Dear President, dear Secretariat,

ESN’s partnership with Ryanair– outdated in times of climate crisis

On behalf of the Stay Grounded Network, we wish to raise our concerns regarding ESN’s partnership with Ryanair. We live in a time of climate emergency and we therefore implore you to end this partnership with a provider of the most polluting form of transport as soon as possible. We propose that you replace this by forming partnerships with rail companies via schemes such as Interrail. We would be glad to assist you in this process.

I am a co-founder of the Stay Grounded Network and one of its campaigners. Stay Grounded represents more than 150 member organisations on all continents, working together to bring forward a just, environmentally sound transport system and to rapidly reduce air travel. Our position paper is supported by hundreds of groups and includes large networks such as Friends of the Earth International.

We recently learnt about your environmentally damaging partnership with Ryanair. Aviation is the most climate-damaging form of transport[i] and constitutes at least 2.5% of all energy-related CO2 emissions[ii]. It is also a privilege that only a few can enjoy[iii] and it relies upon unfair tax exemptions[iv]. The Aviation industry seems hell-bent on continual expansion and is one of the fastest growing sources of greenhouse gas emissions. There is a high risk of its emissions being locked-in due to the growth in aircraft fleet and passenger numbers; in Europe its emissions have doubled since 1990, and globally they could, without action, multiply by two, three or even more by 2050. The environment is collapsing and we must act now before it is too late. You can find more information on the impacts of aviation and its alternatives in our report published last December.

Simultaneously, in 2019 Ryanair became “one of the top 10 carbon emitters within Europe, a league which had until now been exclusively occupied by coal plants” and close to 25% of the airports served by the firm, we understand, are receiving aid from local authorities. Ryanair carries 153 million customers a year on more than 2,400 daily flights! By ending the “Ryanair’s discounts and offers scheme”, ESN would send a clear message to its 40,000 members and the 350,000 international students that it reaches  every year, supporting the European Union in its fight against climate change[v] and walking the talk. This would also have a huge positive impact for ESN in terms of public relations and will be also heard by European Institutions and financial markets.

Nevertheless, we do not want to halt the incredible work that ESN carries out. For this reason, we would suggest that ESN establishes partnerships with European rail companies as a means to provide discounts and offers to its members. Travelling by train is not only more environmentally friendly but also can provide a unique experience to your members! If you are interested, we would gladly put you in touch with groups that work to promote trains in Europe.

I ask you, once more, to consider ending ESN’s partnership with Ryanair. Be a pioneer, not a follower.

Do not hesitate to get in touch if you would like to discuss these points further. We look forward to your reply.

Most respectfully,

Magdalena Heuwieser
International Co-Founder and Coordinator
Stay Grounded Network

[i] A trip by plane produces around 20 times as much carbon dioxide as one by train (per person and kilometre). Some estimate this number to be up to 56. Please see infographic attached.

[ii] However, this number does not take into account non-CO2 effects. Already in 1999, the IPCC recommended to incorporate these effects in the calculation and thus considered the total aviation’s impact to be two to four times higher than that of the CO2 emissions alone. This implies that the industry could alone account for 10% of all emissions and hence be one of the major emitters!

[iii] Less than 10% of the world’s citizens have ever taken a plane. More specifically, 70% of flights in the UK are taken by 15% of the population, and more than half of the country didn’t fly in a specific year (http://afreeride.org/about/).

[iv] The industry holds a special position with regards to other modes of transport: airplane firms, airports and manufacturers receive incredibly large tax breaks and subsidies, which allow flight tickets to be so artificially cheap. Moreover, it enjoys many more unwarranted privileges, including bailouts in case of bankruptcy, aircraft manufacturing and purchase, state aid on new airport infrastructure, and export credits, and only a selected number of nations have VAT on airplane tickets or passenger taxes, or tax kerosene.

[v] The European Parliament declared the state of climate emergency (https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20191121IPR67110/the-european-parliament-declares-climate-emergency) last year.

 

Response by ESN President Kostis Giannidis on 31.01.2020

Dear Magdalena,

First of all, thank you for all the work that you are doing in improving the environment. We have a lot of respect for that and we also thank you for acknowledging our good work. We, of course, agree that climate change is a real problem.

Now, ESN works to promote learning mobility and all the benefits that come with that. This is something that we are very proud of and in order to experience learning mobility, one has to travel. While trains are a good substitute in some cases, in others they are clearly not. Train infrastructures are unfortunately not so developed everywhere in Europe. For many students from Eastern European and Balkan, the train is unfortunately not an option, and even less so is the case for students from Malta, Cyprus and Iceland (all Erasmus Programme Countries). When many international students who already struggle with high costs of their Erasmus exchange get a better price on their flights, that is something which in our opinion carries proper benefits for our ultimate target group: international students. Moreover, the Erasmus+ programme foresees the participation of students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds and travelling by train is not always the most inclusive mean of transportation, from a financial point of view.

Also, the ESN part of the overall flights in Europe are neglectable; only 0,10% of Ryanair’s total bookings during this 3-year period comes from “our” bookings and when adding the other European airlines, the sum becomes almost neglectable. This leads us to wonder why you are addressing a student-volunteer based organisation like ESN and not the big polluting companies and industries.

When it comes to trains and your comment “we would gladly put you in touch with groups that work to promote trains in Europe”, this is not as easy as it seems. Actually, we have had a partnership with Interrail in the past (you can still see the traces of it at https://esncard.org/page/terms-conditions-interraileu-discount). The problem with that is that international students want to travel from point A to B and then back. There is no European-wide train provider that can offer that in the same way as we can do with Ryanair.

This, of course, does not mean that we are not working on the topic of climate and sustainability.  We try to improve the situation where we can, for example:

  • Erasmus Student Network works under 6 main areas, the “causes of ESN”, from which one is Environmental Sustainability. Our local associations are organising activities where they involve international students with the aim of raising awareness about the environment.

  • We are pushing for the 2021 Erasmus Charter (which all universities involved in Erasmus need to sign) to be tougher on sustainable travel and encourage sustainable exchanges.

  • We are working on reducing unnecessary paper waste within Erasmus by, together with the European Commission and universities, developing online tools like Online Learning Agreements and Erasmus Without Paper, which will dramatically reduce the paper use of literally hundreds of thousands of students.

  • Starting this year, we will carbon-offset all the flights that are taken by our Board and staff. In fact, we took this decision just a few days ago.

  • ESN is part of the Generation Climate Europe coalition, in which we try to push for environmentally friendly solutions with other youth organisations.

  • Together with our member organisations, we make sure that they organise, as far as possible, more sustainable events, with more reusable material, less one-off gadgets, etc.

Our Ryanair partnership is currently under negotiation. Currently, we are discussing the next steps in the partnership with Ryanair that will also include a Europe-wide environmental project focused on education and local activities all over Europe.

Best regards,

Kostis Giannidis
President

Response by Stay Grounded on 13.02.2019

Dear Kostis,
Thank you for your transparent reply.
We are very glad that you consider the climate emergency to be a real problem: it is indeed the largest issue that our civilisation has ever faced.
However, for the reasons we set out in detail below, we feel obliged to urge you, once more, to end ESN’s partnership with Ryanair, as this would contribute to withdrawing the social license to operate that companies like Ryanair have and would send a strong signal to the politicians, financial markets and the hundreds of thousands of students that ESN reaches every year.
Moreover, although we welcome your moves to improve the sustainability of ESN’s work, we strongly believe that these are only small steps compared to what is really required if we want to reduce the chances of a climate catastrophe in the next decades. Raising awareness, organising more sustainable events, reducing paper waste are all beautiful and necessary but only small drops in the ocean… Flying is not sustainable and CO2 compensation is not a solution: the latter does not reduce emissions and the offset projects that are mostly based in the Global South in many cases create further problems such as land-grabbing. It is also unjust: To enable a small portion of the world to continue taking more and more flights with a clear environmental conscience, others have to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. See more in our report “The Illusion of Green Flying”
  • In 2018, only Ryanair (excluding its subsidiaries) produced 9,879,100 tonnes of CO2 (data from the European’s Commission Registry). Since then, their emissions have grown. So, if we make a simple calculation: 10 million tonnes of CO2 (an approximation) x 0,03 / 100 (your total bookings per year during the last 3 years) = 3,000 tonnes of CO2 only through your bookings, which is more than the emissions of Grenada, a country with a population of 112,000 people (source). You may state that this is peanuts, yet it is clearly not negligible! We would be extremely interested to know what proportion of your organisation’s annual carbon emissions this constitutes? Thus, we address you not only because your partnership has an important effect but mostly because you play a crucial role in promoting Ryanair and flying as a normal thing to do in the current times of environmental emergency. With regard to whom we pressure, please be assured that we also put a lot of pressure on the industry itself. Our network carries out a huge range of activities, including supporting local groups in their fight against airport expansion and organising actions at airports, debunking the greenwashing myths of airlines and the aviation industry through, for example, media work against CORSIA and actions at lobbying events, and campaigning for political change to reduce aviation.
  • We are aware that trains are not always the solution, but you could instead recommend experiencing learning mobility more locally (e.g. an Estonian studying in Czech Republic instead of Portugal), making an experience out of the long journey (again, Estonia – Portugal), or encourage others means of transportation (such as a ferry, for example, from Estonia to the Netherlands, then train)? The climate emergency is not something to be taken lightly – flying can pollute up to 50 (source) times more than trains!
  • Obtaining deals with train companies will mean that students can afford to travel by train – this would boost the image of the train as a sexy & modern way of travelling, allowing poorer students to travel too and take part in the Erasmus experience. Could you create a pot for students who come from less privileged backgrounds? These might not be simple tasks but they are – and will be – worthwhile. Fast “solutions” such as flying have immense and devastating repercussions and must be avoided.
  • We welcome your involvement in the Generation Climate Europe coalition. However, we are sure that they would be impressed and inspired by your leadership in stopping collaborating with Ryanair and encouraging sustainable, enjoyable travel.
  • You are negotiating your partnership with Ryanair – now is the moment to take bold action! Be a pioneer, not a follower: drop the partnership and starting creating a world that is liveable – today and for the future generations.
  • We are grateful for your engagement in this discussion which we will also make visible on our webpage. We hope that this frank dialogue will have sparked an internal debate and that you decide in the end to make the right decision.
Best regards, 
Magdalena

Le partenariat du réseau Erasmus Student Network avec Ryanair est anachronique en ce temps de crise climatique

Dans une lettre ouverte, Stay Grounded demande au Erasmus Student Network (ESN) de mettre fin à son partenariat avec la compagnie low cost Ryanair et de signer des accords avec des compagnies ferroviaires.

ESN et Ryanair se sont en effet engagés à faciliter les voyages des étudiants européens en Erasmus. C’est ainsi que depuis septembre 2017, chaque étudiant détenant une carte ESN peut bénéficier de réductions sur les billets Ryanair, de l’enregistrement gratuit des bagages, de promotions hebdomadaires et d’offres personnalisées.

Ryanair est l’un des 10 premiers émetteurs de carbone en Europe

En 2019, Ryanair est devenu “l’un des dix premiers émetteurs de carbone en Europe, une place jusqu’alors réservée aux centrales à charbon” et selon nos informations, près de 25% des aéroports desservis par la compagnie reçoivent des subventions des autorités locales. Le transporteur à bas coût est la deuxième compagnie aérienne d’Europe, avec 153 millions de passagers par an sur plus de 2 400 vols quotidiens au départ de 86 bases, reliant plus de 200 destinations dans 40 pays

Voyager en préservant l’avenir

En mettant fin au “système de rabais et de promotions de Ryanair”, ESN enverrait un signal fort à ses 40 000 membres et aux 350 000 étudiants internationaux que l’organisation touche chaque année, tout en soutenant l’Union européenne dans sa lutte contre le changement climatique et en étant cohérent avec son discours plutôt écolo.

Le Erasmus Student Network est la plus grande association d’étudiants en Europe. L’ONG est présente dans plus de 1000 établissements d’enseignement supérieur dans plus de 41 pays.

Lettre ouverte au président d’ESN, Kostis Giannidis

 

Vienne, le 28 janvier 2020

A l’attention de M. Kostis Giannidis, Président du Conseil d’administration international, Réseau des étudiants Erasmus (ESN)

Monsieur le Président,

Le partenariat d’ESN avec Ryanair est anachronique en ce temps de crise climatique

Au nom du réseau Stay Grounded, nous souhaitons vous faire part de nos préoccupations à propos du partenariat d’ESN avec Ryanair. Alors que l’urgence climatique se fait de plus en plus pressante, nous vous demandons instamment de mettre fin dès que possible à votre partenariat avec cet acteur important de l’aérien, le mode de transport le plus polluant qui soit. Nous vous suggérons de le remplacer par des partenariats avec des compagnies ferroviaires par le biais de programmes du type Interrail et serions heureux de vous aider à les mettre en place.

Je suis l’une des fondatrices du réseau Stay Grounded et l’une de ses permanentes. Stay Grounded représente plus de 150 organisations de tous les continents travaillant ensemble à promouvoir un système de transport juste et respectueux de l’environnement, et à réduire rapidement le nombre de voyages en avion. Notre manifeste a été signé par des centaines de groupes et comprend de grands réseaux tels que les Amis de la Terre.

Ce n’est que récemment que nous avons découvert l’existence de votre partenariat avec Ryanair, si nuisible à l’environnement. L’avion est le mode de transport le plus nuisible pour le climat[i] et représente au moins 2,5 % de toutes les émissions de CO2 liées à l’énergie[ii]. C’est aussi un mode de transport dont ne bénéficie qu’une faible fraction de la population mondiale[iii] et qui repose sur des exonérations fiscales injustifiées[iv]. L’industrie de l’aviation, arc boutée sur une expansion continue est l’une des sources d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre connaissant la croissance la plus rapide. Le risque est grand que ses émissions augmentent sans discontinuer du fait de la croissance de la flotte d’avions et du nombre de passagers. En Europe, ses émissions ont doublé depuis 1990, et si nous ne faisons rien, elles pourraient être multipliées par deux, trois ou même plus d’ici 2050 au niveau mondial. Face à l’effondrement de l’environnement, nous devons agir maintenant avant qu’il ne soit trop tard. Vous trouverez de plus amples informations sur l’impact environnemental de l’aviation et sur les alternatives dans notre rapport publié en décembre dernier.

Simultanément, en 2019, Ryanair est devenu “l’un des dix premiers émetteurs de carbone en Europe, une place jusqu’alors réservée aux centrales à charbon” et, selon nos informations, près de 25 % des aéroports desservis par l’entreprise reçoivent des subventions des autorités locales. Ryanair transporte 153 millions de passagers par an sur plus de 2 400 vols quotidiens ! En mettant fin au “système de rabais et de promotions de Ryanair”, ESN enverrait un message fort à ses 40 000 membres et aux 350 000 étudiants internationaux qu’elle touche chaque année, tout en soutenant l’Union européenne dans sa lutte contre le changement climatique[v] et en étant cohérent avec son discours plutôt écolo. Cela aurait également un impact positif énorme pour ESN en termes d’image et serait également entendu par les institutions européennes et les marchés financiers.

Nous ne voulons cependant pas entraver votre formidable travail. C’est pourquoi nous suggérons qu’ESN établisse des partenariats avec les compagnies ferroviaires européennes afin de proposer des réductions et des promotions à ses membres. Voyager en train est non seulement plus respectueux de l’environnement, mais peut également offrir une expérience unique à vos membres ! Si vous êtes intéressé, nous serions heureux de vous mettre en rapport avec des groupes travaillant à promouvoir le train en Europe.

Je vous demande à nouveau d’envisager de mettre un terme au partenariat d’ESN avec Ryanair. Ne vous contentez pas de suivre le mouvement, sortez du lot !
N’hésitez pas à prendre contact avec nous si vous souhaitez approfondir certains points. Nous attendons votre réponse avec impatience.

Avec tout notre respect.

Magdalena Heuwieser
Co-fondatrice et coordinatrice internationale
Réseau Stay Grounded

[i] Un voyage en avion produit environ 20 fois plus de dioxyde de carbone qu’un voyage en train (par personne et par kilomètre). Certains estiment que cela peut être jusqu’à 56 fois plus. Voir l’infographie ci-jointe.

[ii] Toutefois, ce chiffre ne tient pas compte des effets autres que celui du CO2. Déjà en 1999, le GIEC recommandait d’intégrer ces effets dans le calcul et considérait que l’impact total de l’aviation était de deux à quatre fois plus élevé que celui des seules émissions de CO2. Cela implique que le secteur aérien pourrait à lui seul représenter 10 % de toutes les émissions et donc être l’un des principaux émetteurs !

[iii] Moins de 10 % des citoyens du monde ont déjà pris l’avion. Plus précisément, 70 % des vols au Royaume-Uni sont pris par 15 % de la population, et plus de la moitié du pays n’a pas pris l’avion dans l’année (http://afreeride.org/about/).

[iv] Le secteur occupe une position particulière par rapport aux autres modes de transport : les compagnies aériennes, les aéroports et les fabricants d’avions bénéficient d’avantages fiscaux et de subventions très importantes, qui permettent aux billets d’avion d’être artificiellement très bon marché. En outre, elle bénéficie de nombreux autres privilèges injustifiés, notamment de renflouements en cas de faillite, de la fabrication et de l’achat d’avions, d’aides d’État pour les nouvelles infrastructures aéroportuaires et de crédits à l’exportation, et seul un certain nombre de pays appliquent une TVA sur les billets d’avion ou des taxes sur les passagers, ou encore taxent le kérosène.

[v] Le Parlement européen a déclaré l’état d’urgence climatique l’an dernier (https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20191121IPR67110/the-european-parliament-declares-climate-emergency).

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